Conflict Transformation

Conflict Transformation

The persisting “frozen” military conflicts surrounding the South Ossetia, Abkhazia and Nagorno Karabakh regions restrict sustainable economic and social development as well as the establishment of free democratic civil societies in the South Caucasus.

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The South Caucasus and Turkey: History Lessons of the 20th Century


The publication – “The South Caucasus and Turkey: History Lessons of the 20th Century” is the collection of scientific articles prepared by authors from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Turkey presenting the research and analytical materials on the key issues regarding history lessons in the South Caucasus and Turkey.

Project and Events

News from the South Caucasus (2018)

(closed project) The cooperation project "News from the South Caucasus" aims to inform Georgian-speaking audience about recent developments in the South Caucasus region through publishing news, analytical articles, interviews and photo essays.

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Public Debates

Why the Post-Communist Grey Zone Is Still Grey: Causes and Future Scenarios

There are five potential solutions to the problem of Ukraine's, Georgia's, Moldova's and Azerbaijan's current location in a security-political nowhere-land. They include a Western-Russian grand bargain, NATO accession, EU membership, US security guarantees, and the Intermarium. Yet, none of these models has so far materialized. Why is that the case?

All debates on "Conflict Transformation"

Web Dossiers

The long shadow of one study: The story of village exchange ten years later

After completion of the Scholarship Program, hbs provided its alumni S. Rumyantsev and S. Huseynova with an additional opportunity to implement a joint project with colleagues from Armenia. One of the results of this collaboration was the book Beyond the Karabakh Conflict: The Story of Village Exchange written together with Arsen Hakobyan. Ten years later, the acquired experience has not lost its relevance for the authors. in Russian

By Sergey Rumyantsev, Sevil Huseynova

Dossier: What is the Equilibrium Point for Karabakh

Peace in the South Caucasus is highly valued. However, a long history of violent conflicts and deeply rooted territorial claims make this coveted peace hard to achieve. Conflict in Nagorny Karabakh does not promise a speedy resolution and does not appear to show any sign of transformation in political discussions taking place within the nations engaged in it.

Turkish-Armenian Dialogue

The State of Armenia-Turkey Relations

2018 is shaping up to be a consequential year for Turkey and Armenia. Both countries have been experiencing fundamental transformation of their social and political fabric. This short review discusses the influence of these changes on Armenia-Turkey relations. հայերեն

By Philip Gamaghelyan, Pinar Sayan

Turkey-Armenia Journalists’ Dialogue Programme

In the fourth year of the programme, aiming to strengthen ties between journalists from Turkey and Armenia and to establish direct means of exchanging news sources, journalists, columnists, and bloggers from Armenia visited Turkey and learned in-depth about various issues on Turkey’s agenda.

Ani Dialogue II in Istanbul

After signs of a breakthrough in 2008 diplomatic relations between Turkey and Armenia are in a bottleneck again. At the same time there is increasing interest in both societies in overcoming legacies of the past, exchanging experiences with neighbors and aiming towards an open border. Since its inauguration in October 2010, the Ani Dialogue — organized by the HBF South Caucasus, the HBF Turkey and the Caucasus Institute in Armenia — is dedicated to bottom-up reconciliation and normalization of mutual ties between Turkey and Armenia.

Football diplomacy and beyond. A breakthrough in Turkish Armenian relations

Can a football game change the history of a region? The luck of the draw put Turkey and Armenia in the same qualifying group for the FIFA World Cup of 2010. The countries had been locked in enmity since the 1990s, and the matches promised merely more of the same, if they were played at all. But leaders in both countries had been quietly moving toward a more constructive relationship.

Ansichten und Meinungen

Wenn Mörder zu Volkshelden werden

Im Februar 2004 ermordete der aserbaidschanische Offizier Ramil Safarov während eines NATO-Seminars in Budapest seinen armenischen Kurskollegen Gurgen Markarian – des Nachts im Schlaf, mit 26 Axthieben.

Armenien: Verbrechen ohne Strafe? Die Safarow-Affäre

Soziale Netzwerke und Blogs, die wohl besser als Barometer der öffentlichen Meinung in Armenien dienen als die staatlich kontrollierten herkömmlichen Medien, kochten in den Tagen nach Safarows Freilassung vor Wut. Während sich der größte Zorn auf Aserbaidschan richtete, wurde auch das Verhalten der armenischen Regierung hinterfragt.

By Mikael Zolian

Aserbaidschan: Ein „Held“ unserer Zeit

Der jubelnde Empfang von Ramil Safarow fügt sich ein in die aserbaidschanische Politik der Radikalisierung gegenüber dem Nachbarland Armenien. Das autoritäre Regime braucht den Konflikt um Karabach-Berg wie die Luft zum Atmen und gefährdet damit zusehend eine friedliche Lösung.

By Sevil Huseynova

Ungarn: Was sagt uns der Fall Safarow über das heutige Ungarn?

Die überraschende Auslieferung Safarows am 31. August 2012 und die Begnadigung nach seiner Ankunft in Baku hat die internationale Gemeinschaft schockiert und die armenisch-aserbaidschanischen Beziehungen schwer belastet. Die derzeitige ungarische Regierung zeigt, dass sie bei der Sicherung ihrer Wirtschaftsinteressen zu vielem bereit ist – wenn nötig auch im Widerspruch zu fundamentalen Menschenrechten.

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