Oil Geopolitics in the South Caucasus

Oil Geopolitics in the South Caucasus


Politics in the South Caucasus region cannot be viewed in isolation from developments worldwide and especially in the context of economic contest and tensions among the “great powers” active in the broader European, Middle East and Eurasian region. Decrease in prices on fossil fuel resources, fight over the routes of delivery of energy resources to the Western markets and struggle for political domination over the nations of weak/fragile sovereignty are manifested in a number of conflicts and social-economic and political turmoil taking place in these nations. Therefore the South Caucasus Regional Office of the Heinrich Boell Foundation decided to devote this particular issue of the web-dossier to the exploration of linkages between international energy and domestic politics in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia.

Quo Vadis, Azerbaijan? The Country’s Growing Challenges

Azerbaijan is a key actor in the South Caucasus, reshaping the borders of influence of regional and extra-regional powers. So far its leading role has been defined by the availability of hydrocarbon resources, which the country has successfully used to manoeuvre between the clashing interests of powerful players and thus managed not to become excessively dependent on any of them.

By Leila Alieva

Geopolitics of South Caucasus: Georgia and Oil Prices

Georgia's unique location at a strategically important crossroads makes it a country of key geopolitical interest to Russia, Turkey, USA and the EU. It is located in a region known for its volatility due to the existing ethnic, religious, political and military tensions after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

By Manana Kochladze