The present paper provides an overview of developments preceding the protest rallies of 9 April 1989 in chronological order and their symbolic characteristics. The research aims to provide an account of the protest rallies of 9 April 1989 through the theory of protest rituals and explain the respective ritualistic or symbolic characteristics, as well as their connections with the historic context. For the purpose of the research, 9 April is portrayed as a sequence of events rather than a specific date.
Date of Publication
Heinrich Boell Stiftung Tbilisi Office - South Caucasus Region
Number of Pages
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Language of publication